Việt Nam is one of countries that are seriously affected by climate change. To join the world’s efforts in environmental protection, Việt Nam has developed the “Green Growth Strategy” to overcome environmental pollution, to reduce greenhouse gas emission, to prevent sea level rise… in order to develop sustainably. The Green Growth Strategy aims to promote the restructuring and to finalise the economic institutions towards more efficient use of natural resources, to enhance the competitive strength of the economy, through enhancing investments on technology renewal, natural capitals and economic tools, from which contributing to respond to climate change, reduce poverty and ensure sustainable economic development.
High level Seminar “Viet Nam Green Growth Strategy: Pathways towards implementing the Paris Agreement - Việt Nam & EU Experience” organized on 11/10/2016 in Hà Nội
Implementation of the Green growth action plan
Key contents is activities on dissemination, propaganda and awareness raising; development and implementation of the short-term training program on green growth for state management staff at central and local levels which contributes to implement the solution “Human resources training and development” included in the National Strategy for Green Growth for the period 2013 - 2020.
Accordingly, the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) takes lead to coordinate and guide ministries, sectors and localities in developing sectoral and provincial green growth action plan. By now, MPI has supported the Ministry of Transport to develop and promulgate the Action plan responding to climate change and green growth during 2016 - 2020 of the transportation sector with six important tasks and solutions. It continues to support the Ministry of Transport to develop the National action plan on CO2 emission reduction in the civil aviation of Việt Nam, with the target to implement measures to reduce greenhouse gas emission and minimise the global warming. At local levels, there are current 15 provinces that formulate and approve and some provinces are implementing the action plan on green growth (Ha Tinh, Ninh Thuan and An Giang); Simultaneously, MPI is supporting Ha Nam, Cao Bang, Bac Can, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Binh Dinh, Kien Giang, Soc Trang, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau, and Hau Giang to develop the provincial green growth action plan.
MPI implements the mainstreaming of requirements on environmental protection, green growth, sustainable development and response to climate change into socio-economic development plans and planning, particularly in the development of the five-year socio-economic development plan during 2016 -2020. In addition, MPI is promoting the implementation of the Resolution no. 35/NQ-CP dated 18/3/2013 of the Government on some urgent issues on environmental protection; criteria on environment and sustainable development are being reviewed, monitored and assessed according to the instruction of the Prime Minister. The ministry is studying priority activities adapting to climate change of the Việt Nam Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), private investments in climate change as foundation to propose policy plans and actions to implement the commitments of Việt Nam.
At the same time, it reviews and updates investments and public expenditures in climate change and green growth by the end of 2015 and published in June 2016, with the proposed framework on resources management. It collaborates with international development organisations to support the assessment of investments and public expenditure in climate change and green growth in Ca Mau, considering expanding it to other provinces in the Mekong Delta.
The Ministry enhances the review of legal documents towards green growth and environmental protection, and response to climate change in order to recommend appropriate revisions to the requirements of the new situation. It is collaborating with MONRE, relevant ministries and sectors to develop the action plan by 2030 to implement the Paris Agreement on climate change, and to develop the 2nd Biennial update report of Việt Nam to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change; collaborating with development partners and Provincial People’s Committee of Ha Tinh, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan to develop climate change scenarios and revise the 2nd provincial climate change action plan...
Enhancing international cooperation
MPI is collaborating with relevant agencies and development partners to build capacity for Vietnamese agencies, to prepare readiness on organisational structure and institutions to access to the Green Climate Fund (GCF).
From the successful organization of the annual workshop on financial source access for green growth implementation and response to climate change within the framework of Asian low carbon emission Development Strategies Forum (Asia LEDS Partnership - ALP), MPI organized a regional workshop of the Forum in the end of June 2016 in Hanoi with the topic “Mechanism that catalyse finance for grid-connected clean energy in Asia”; “Mobilising finance to implement priority climate change impacts reduction actions” linked with targets of environmental protection, sustainable development, and response to climate change.
MPI collaborated with the European Commission in Việt Nam to organize a high level workshop on “National Strategy on green growth of Việt Nam: Pathway towards implementing the Paris Agreement - Experience of Việt Nam & EU” within the Việt Nam - EU Strategic Dialogue Support Program on 11/10/2016 in Hanoi, with the target to discuss the Việt Nam green growth Strategy relating to response to climate change and efforts to achieve the success of the Paris agreement at COP21 through the experience sharing of EU experts on the implementation of the green growth strategies in Europe, viewpoints and the implementation of the Green growth strategy in Việt Nam, and enhancing international support in green growth...
Together with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), USAID, GIZ, and DFAT, MPI organized a training/workshop “Finance for climate change and green growth in the Mekong Delta”; this was an important collaboration activity in the Mekong Delta, where are suffering negative impacts of climate change and sea level rise, with the efforts of the local authorities and people in responding to climate change. This not only helps provinces to assess to the investments in climate change, but also to improve the planning and allocating budget for climate change and green growth, at the same time to ensure the accountability with the Government and donors.
The Government of Việt Nam has signed the Paris Agreement on climate and promulgated the Action Plan to implement this agreement. The implementation of the National Strategy and National action plan on green growth contributes considerably to the implementation of the Agreement. In 2016, Việt Nam has moved a step in finalizing the policy institutions and enhancing capacity, creating important alterations for subsequent years. Hopefully by 2020 or earlier, Việt Nam can arrange to promote the implementation of international commitments in the period of 2020 - 2030.
Nguyễn Tuấn Anh - Deputy Director General
Department of Science, Education Natural Resources and Environment - Ministry of Planning and Investment