The Red River, the section running through Hà Nội with a length of 100 km, through many years of sediment accretion, creates mudflats and dunes. Of which, mudflats (Phúc Tân, Phúc Xá wards); middle islands (Liên Hồng, Liên Hà communes, Long Biên bridge foot and rocky dunes (Nhật Tân). By now, sand dunes and mudflats are the habitats of agriculture residents, creating semi-natural agriculture ecosystems.
|Visitors at a flower garden at the rocky area, Nhật Tân|
Currently, the mudflats, middle islands and rocky dunes of the Red River attract a large volume of visitors, particularly in the weekends and holidays. This region has become one of ideal tourism sites for the young of the city with flower gardens, photo shooting, cycling, ecological jogging, craft village along the Red River; wild bird watching…
At here, visitors will see green maize field, river curving along reeds, small fishing boats anchoring riverside. At sunset, tourists will see the golden sun in the late afternoon which will make this place to be more attractive.
Particularly, at the rocky area of the Red River, there are many flowers such as gomphrena (bách nhật), yellow canola (cải vàng), hồng leo, daisy, gerbera (đồng tiền), cockscomb (mào gà), kumquat, peach flower… creating a colourful garden. This landscape is linked with wooden bridge, crossing the water lake, under the reeds swinging in the wind which creates a romantic atmosphere. To attract tourists, local people have invested in construction of tents, stone bench, and swings for tourists to take pictures and entertain.
Although the Red River middle islands, mudflats and rocky dunes meet ecological tourism criteria, these tourism activities have not been well managed and mostly self-organised by households. Due to self-development, these activities are not controlled in terms of environmental issues such as the carrying capacity of the ecosystem, and the weak waste management that cause environmental pollution. In addition, sand exploration activities, operation of boats, agriculture cultivation can affect ecosystems of middle islands and mudflats of the Red River.
Therefore, to promote ecotourism of middle islands, mudflats and rocky dunes in the Red River, to meet the criteria of an ecological tourism site of Hà Nội, the local authority also needs to plan and manage this ecological tourism activity, develop entertainment maps, form sub-sectors providing services and tour route with local cultural products, implement fundamental research and investigations on natural resources, ecosystems of the Red River, from which to develop a planning… and has a plan to train professional staff on tourism...
In addition, the controlling of sand extraction activities prevents current changes and erosions of sand dunes and mudflats of the Red river. On the other hand, it is necessary to promulgate an ecotourism management mechanism, of which regulating on the maximum number of tourists and forbidding activities within tourism sites. It is necessary to formulate regulations to assign forest rangers to manage bird and wildlife hunting. In addition, it is necessary to support clean agriculture development to meet VietGAP standards, minimization of pesticides that cause environmental pollution and adverse impacts on natural ecosystems in the region. At the same time, it is necessary to promote the development of different tourism types such as: nature experience tourism (bird watching, wild insects,.natural grass); agriculture experience tourism (participating in agriculture production with local people); flower watching, artificial and natural sightseeing tourism.
Vương Tiến Mạnh - Deputy Director
Viet Nam CITES