Within the framework of high level conference of Asia Pacific Economy Forum (APEC) 2017 in Ha Noi, the Vice Minister- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bui Thanh Son and the Vice Minister of Construction, Phan Thi My Linh co-chaired the Dialogue on Sustainable Urbanization. The Dialogue focused on the important aspects of sustainable urbanization to propose policy recommendations supporting sustainable city development.
Attending the Dialogue were the Chairman and high level representatives of the second APEC 2017 (SOM2), representatives and experts from APEC member economies, relevant international organizations, non-governmental organizations, enterprises and representatives from Ministries, government authorities, associations, universities and research institutes of Vietnam.
Ms. Le Thi My Hanh, GGGI Vietnam’s representative is presenting urban green growth model
The APEC Forum is the region's leading economic cooperation mechanism, with the goal of contributing to sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. Construction and urban sustainable development in Viet Nam is currently a central task towards new, green, modern urban areas with identity to serve the increasing needs of the people. During recent urban development, the Vietnamese government was fully aware that sustainable urban development needs to be coordinated by leaders, provincial governments, policy makers, investors, etc
The dialogue has received the attention of experts, scholars, representatives of APEC member economies as well as domestic/international development partners with more than 20 presentations on urban status in Viet Nam, new urban development strategy, Viet Nam in 2035 - Urbanization management report to improve economic efficiency, etc/ Especially in the meeting, the Global Green Growth Institute's representative, Ms. Le Thi My Hanh presented on the urban green growth model and indicators for urban sustainable development which was developed by GGGI, based on the international experience associated with the Vietnam Green Growth Strategy and Viet Nam Green Growth Action Plan.
GGGI is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to supporting and promoting strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth - Green Growth to help developing country governments transition towards a model of economic growth that is environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive. The GGGI currently has 27 member countries, Vietnam is one of the founding members and has ratified the Agreement established since 2012. GGGI now cooperates with many countries around the world, helping to build capacity and collaborate with them in green growth policies. GGGI also cooperates with countries, multilateral organizations, government authorities and the private sector to support robust economies that are more sustainable and use natural resources, toward to less carbon and better coping with climate change.
Viet Nam is still facing numerous challenges in green urban development such as infrastructure in renewable energy, transport, waste water treatment, the possibility of increasing emissions is high and lack of supervision. Despite these challenges, the green urban development will offer various opportunities such as creating green jobs, promoting sustainable economic growth and enhancing the readiness of the Government of Vietnam, from central to provincial levels in accessing climate finance.
GGGI has introduced an urban green growth model based on its city development guidelines report, including the urban green growth indicators that helps the Government as well as other provinces, cities to measure and manage progress of mainstreaming green growth concepts, actions plans and initiatives into spatial management and planning for urban in the Vietnam's urban classification system. The four main themes in the indicator set are specified in subgroups and indicators: Environmental sustainability; Economic development; Integrate in society; Institutional responsiveness. “The difference in the urban green growth indicator set is based on international experience, but is always considered to be relevant to the context of urban development in Vietnam and overall, to the sustainability of different areas like economy, social, environmental and governance” said Hanh Le.
Photo of representatives at APEC Dialouge 2017
The urban green growth indicator is based on the context of the Viet Nam green growth strategy, together with its vision and objectives, and the reasonableness of these indicators Viet Nam's specific context. The urban indicator is also based on international and regional experiences, including the Program of Indicators of OECD; Indicator of the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU); Europe's Sustainable Urban Reference Framework: Global Urban Indicator Framework and Global Sustainable Urban Development are developed by the Committee on Urban Affairs, White House (United States).
Within the framework of the Dialogue, leaders of the Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Industry and Trade together with representatives from domestic and international development organizations shared information and experiences in urban planning, urban development management and established the cooperation and network together. Accordingly, most of the leaders and participants emphasized the experience sharing in sustainable urbanization among cities, interacting among experts from APEC economies and the strengthening of integrated networks on economic and environmental sustainability for the future.
Nguyễn Thanh Hằng - Tạ Thị Thanh Hương
GGGI is committed to deliver green economic growth that is inclusive, reduces property, and is environmentally sustainable, GGGI works closely with governments in developing countries to ensure that growth not only protects the environment, but promotes it.This means focusing on policies and initiatives that support clean energy, wastewater management, and the mobilization of finance for green growth projects,
The countries that GGGI works in are some of the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, the face increasingly frequent and intense natural disasters as well as elevated sea levels. Rapid growth in these countries, coupled with traditional economic development models, is also leading to increased greenhouse gas emissions.
Since 2011, GGGI has worked with the government of Viet Nam, where the GGGI team is embedded withing the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) and the Ministry of Construction (MOC). GGGI’s work focuses on the finance, urban and water sectors to promote the adoption of green growth innitiatives.
GGGI has worked with the MPI to develop investment guidelines for green growth, train over 100 government officials from 7 Ministries and 31 provinces across the countries on how to use those guidelines; strengthen coordination of the implementation of Viet Nam’s green growth strategies as well as provide policy recommendations to incorporate green growth into SMEDEF loans to small and medium enterprises. GGGI and the MPI have developed a five-year plan to 2020.
GGGI has worked with the MOC and provincial government to launch a green growth strategy for the city of Da Nang, develop a system of urban green growth indicators to track how green growth projects are implemented I cities. GGGI is also working with the MOC to launch green Develop a Green Master Plan that incorporates NDC and VGGS objectives into city planning and develop feasibility studies and financing proposals for bankable projects.
GGGI has partnered with the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), provincial governments and GIZ to publish a provincial biomass-to- energy action plan; secure funding for a bankable project in biomass to energy to access finance and design pre-feasibility studies for biomass-to-energy within the sugarcane industry.
GGGI worked with the Viet Nam National Mekong Committee to publish “Green Growth in Mekong Delta”, a guide for delivering green growth in the vulnerable and economically-strategic delta and provide recommendations on wastewater treatment in the Mekong Delta.