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     In the past years, environmental protection has received special attention and direction from the Party, National Assembly and Government. On 3/7/2018, Prime Minister approved a target program on radically dealing with seriously polluting public service facilities in the period of 2016-2020 at his decision 807/QD-TTg (herein after reffered to as the program), to contribute to pollution remediation and environmental improvement and provide a foundation for environmental protection in the coming period.

     The goals of the program are treating and remedying pollution, restoring and improving environmental quality in public service facilities, pesticide stockpiles, wastewater from urban town classified from grade 2 and above, to prevent pollution, protect public health and contribute to sustainable development of the country. It is planned that by 2020, pollution from 30 unsanitary landfills specified at the Decision 1788/QD-TTg will have been remedied to restore and improve environmental quality. Collection and destroying pesticide and packaging will have been conducted at 70 pesticide stockpiles. Three domestic wastewater treatment investment projects will have been started at the urban town classified as grade 4 and above which discharge to the three river basins of Nhue Day, Cau and Dong Nai.

    The program covers the provinces and central cities having seriously polluting public service facilities in the following documents: Prime Minister’s Decision 1788/QD-TTg dated 1/10/2013 on the plan for radically dealing with serious polluters by 2020, Prime Minister’s Decision 1946/QD-TTg dated 21/10/2010 on approving the plan for treating and preventing pollution of pesticide stockpiles, Prime Minister’s Decision 57/2008/QD-TTg dated 29/4/2008 on approving a master plan for environmental protection of the Nhue Day River Basin to 2020; Prime Minister’s Decision 1435/QD-TTg dated 18/8/2014 on approving the implementation plan for the master plan for environmental protection of the Nhue Day River Basin; Prime Minister’s Decision 174/2006/QD-TTg dated 28/7/2006 on approving a master plan for environmental protection and landscape of the Cau River Basin; and Prime Minister’s Decision 187/2007/QD-TTg dated 3/12/2007 on approving the master plan for environmental protection of the Dong Nai River Basin to 2020. The program also covers the provinces/cities having new seriously polluting pesticide stockpiles which pose high risks to human health and socioeconomic development of the country.

 

Pesticide stockpile in Dai Hao (Trieu Dai, Trieu Phong, Quang Tri) in the list of seriously polluting facilities of Prime Minister’s Decision 1788/QD-TTg

 

    The program’s focal point is the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). The total budget for the program is 535 billion VND from the central budget (this could be increased when resources are available but will not exceed the level of 4,648 billion VND as specified at the Government’s resolution 73/NQ-CP dated 26/8/2016 on approving investment undertakings for target programs in the period 2016-2020. Of this total budget, the budget for central activities is 42 billion VND (this could increase when resource availability allows, but will not exceed the level of 670 billion VND as specified at the Government Resolution 73/NQ-CP). If the resources are not avaible to allocate for the whole period, the program can prolong to achieve its objectives. The budget from the central budget for environmental expenditure is 493 billion VND ((this could increase when resource availability allows, but will not exceed the level of 548 billion VND as specified at the Government Resolution 73/NQ-CP). The ODA and other funding sources will be allocated when available but will not exceed the level of 3,430 billion VND as specified at the Government Resolution 73/NQ-CP. When the funding is not enough, the program can prolong and its objectives can be adjusted. The program includes three projects:

1. The project on radically dealing with seriously polluting public service facilities at Decision 1788/QD-TTg: the main objectives are surveying and assessing scope and extent of pollution by closed unsatinary landfills; developing options and plans for treating, restoring, upgrading or investing in new environmental projects to submit to competent authorities for approval. More specifically, it will develop and pilot test new technologies for treating and restoring environmental quality of some polluting unsanitary landfills for scalling up in the coming period; relocate people living in the polluting areas; separate and prevent pollution, develop protecting system for people and livestock; treat, rehabilitate and restore environmental components (air, water, soil) to meet environmental standards; monitor and supervise environmental quality before and after the project; implement the project following approved items; develop and issue procedures for managing and sustainably operating environmental works after the investment stage, report on the completed activities and send the report to MONRE for inspection and reporting to Prime Minister; supervise the implementation and socioeconomic and environmental outcomes of the project and propose scale up plans.

2. The project on treating and restoring environmental quality of some serious polluted areas due to pesticide stockpiles. It has the objectives of surveying and assessing extent and scope of 70 polluting pesticide stockpiles; develop investment projects and submit to competent authorities for approval; develop pollution remedy activities. Similar to the above mentioned project, it covers relocating people linving in the polluted areas, separate and prevent pollution, develop protecting system for people and livestock; treat, rehabilitate and restore environmental components (air, water, soil) to meet environmental standards; monitor and supervise environmental quality before and after the project; implement the project following approved items; develop and issue procedures for managing and sustainably operating environmental works after the investment stage, report on the completed activities and send the report to MONRE for inspection and reporting to Prime Minister; supervise the implementation and socioeconomic and environmental outcomes of the project and propose scale up plans.

3. The investment project on constructing three domestic wastewater treatment projects for urban town graded 4 and above which discharge to the River Basins of Nhue-Day, Cau and Dong Nai. Under this project, MONRE will lead and cooperate with other agencies to survey, study and develop investment projects for wastewater collection and treatment; seek for ODA funding and other funding sources after getting approval from Prime Minister; construct wastewater collection and treatment systems meeting environmnetal regulations; develop and issue procedures for managing and sustainable operating environmental works after investement stages, and report on verifying complted pollution treatment and environmental restoration.

     Right after the program is approved by Prime Minster, MONRE rapidly developed an implementation plan. It sent a circular 4237/BTNMT dated 8/8/2018 to provinces to provide guidance on developing a budget estimation for 2018-2019 and financial plan for 2019-2020 imlement the program. Based on provincial reports, MONRE will share the plan with Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Planning and Investment before sending to Prime Minister for approval. In addition, to enable early start of the program, Prime Minister directed the provinces having related projects to rapidly implement the program; review and propose subprojects. He also directed ministries and provinces to develop annual and mid term plans to send to MONRE, MPI and MOF as specified in the Law on Public Investment, Law on State Budget and other related legal documents. In the meantime, Prime Minister requested the provinces to review and assess results of the projects under provincial supervisions and regularly report to MONRE the program implementation progress.

 

MSc. Nguyễn Thượng Hiền

MSc. Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng

Vietnam Environment Administration

(This article was puplished on the Environment Magazine, Enghish III/2018)

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